Publication Year: 2009
Authors/Editor: Spencer, John; Thomas, Michael S.C.; McClelland, James L.
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The first edited volume that directly contrasts two modern, dominant computational theories of development.
From William James to Sigmund Freud to Jean Piaget to B.F. Skinner, scholars (and parents!) have wondered how children move from the blooming, buzzing confusion of infancy, through the tumult of childhood and adolescence, into adulthood. Does development occur continuously over time or in a series of dramatic stages? Is development driven by learning or by biological maturational processes? What is the nature of experience, and how does it generate change? The study of development has always been organized around these big questions. And answers to these questions have a profound influence on daily life, forming a framework for how parents think about their own children, and influencing both national policy and educational curricula.
This book defines and refines two major theoretical approaches within developmental science that address the central issues of development--connectionism and dynamical systems theory. Spencer, Thomas, and McClelland have brought together chapters that provide an introduction, overview, and critical evaluation of each approach, including three sets of case studies that illustrate how both approaches have been used to study topics ranging from early motor development to the acquisition of grammar. They also present a collection of commentaries by leading scholars, which offer a critical view from both an"outsiders's" and an "insider's" perspective. The book is unique in the range of its treatment--it begins to delineate how developmental science can incorporate advances within neuroscience and computational modeling, and brings the new ideas of connectionism and dynamic systems theory into sharper focus, clarifying their usefulness and explanatory power.
* The book combines introductory chapters, detailed case studies, and commentaries from leading scholars in the field.
* There is a strong focus on the processes and mechanisms underlying developmental change. Thus, the book should be relevant to a broad readership in developmental science.
* Commentaries are included from researchers within this domain of expertise as well as from outside this are. This includes non-modelers as well as researchers from other theoretical traditions (e.g., developmental systems theory/developmental psychobiology).
* Has a strong interdisciplinary component with ties to computer science, neuroscience, education, and cognitive science.